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The Midtown Manhattan

The disregard was 12.6 percentage a twelvemonth ago.As per the Jones Lang LaSalle Report (Manhattan)Why the Large Office BIDs drive the impact and contribute to higher Capital values?


On average, the owners of Class A buildings in Midtown Manhattan are now asking $72.03 a square foot, compared with $55.68 for comparable sublet space, according to Cushman & Wakefield. So tenants willing to sublet can get a 22.7 percent discount in Midtown.

New York City office space is classified as Class A, Class B and Class C buildings.

Large business improvement districts in New York City increase the value of commercial properties within their borders by 15% on average. Smaller districts, however, have no effect on commercial property values according to a new study released by New York University’s Furman Centre for Real Estate and Urban Policy. Large BIDs as those with annual assessment revenues greater than $1.2 million, while smaller BIDs collect less than $263,000 in assessments.

Financial Crisis – In 2008, it became clear that real estate values were inflated well beyond what they were worth. In less than a year, 40% of the world’s wealth evaporated. The crisis started in housing markets of places like Las Vegas, Florida and California. It spread to Wall Street, as banks and investment houses got caught short with potential liabilities they took on during the boom years that turned out to be far greater than their liquid assets.

This is reflected in both the aspects of the business cycle in new Construction Work.

The Downtown market is less favourable then the Midtown market. The Midtown has easier access from the Northern and Long Island suburbs, easier access to Manhattan’s neighbourhood east and west side of Central Park and moreover Downtown has less availability of modern A class offices.

20095.7% 20071.96

However, after the 9/11 aftermath the government started offering Tax benefits to the Commercial offices Occupiers in Downtown market. The 7WTC, occupiers enjoy a full exemption from commercial full tax rent that leads to a saving of 3.9% of Annual Tax Rent. There is also substantial Sales Tax exemption for the 7WTC occupiers and a ten year exemption of the Sales Tax for purchase of office equipment, furniture and construction material for tenant improvement. Furthermore, Businesses which are relocating its employees to the Downtown area or creating new jobs in the Downtown area would qualify for a Tax Credit against their business income Tax Liability. The credit is worth $3,000 for each qualifying employee for next twelve years.


With the development of the PATH railway line and an improvement in the existing railway line would definitely entice the possible Tenants in the WTC towers and would have a significant impact on the Midtown market of Manhattan.


Midtown Manhattan, or simply Midtown, is an area of Manhattan,New York City home to world-famous commercial zones such as Rockefeller Centre, Broadway, and Times Square. Midtown Manhattan is home to the city’s tallest and most famous buildings such as the Empire State Building and Chrysler Building.

The redevelopment of the World Trade Centre will have a significant impact on the Office development in the region on Midtown Manhattan. The World Trade Centre towers have always been an icon of the Office Space establishment in New York. This is also a main reason for this building to be under Terrorist attacks three times. The 9/11 attack destroyed the entire buildings and also had a significant impact on the entire Office Space market in the city. Instead of prices soaring high after the attack due to the sudden requirement of Office Space, the rental values went down because of the psychological impact. Those that survived did so because the federal government came in with huge investments and provided protection against a run on the banks. As a condition of providing rescue funds, federal bank regulators increased the requirements for bank capital.Midtown, along with "Uptown" and "Downtown", is one of the three major subdivisions of Manhattan (though "Uptown" and "Downtown" can also be used as adjectives or prepositions, and can take on completely different meanings in the other boroughs, whereas the term "Midtown" cannot) and can be understood as those parts of Manhattan in neither of these two other regions – that is, all areas between 14th Street and 59th Street, from the Hudson River to the East River, about five square miles or 12km2. The core of Midtown Manhattan is from about 31st Streetto 59th Street between Third and Ninth avenues, about two square miles (this is the area most commonly referred to as "Midtown.") The "Plaza District", a term used by Manhattan real estate professionals to denote the most expensive area of midtown from a commercial real estate perspective, lies between 42nd Street and 59th Street, from Third Avenue to Seventh Avenue, about a square kilometre or half a square mile.The absorption rate is the number of units entering into the market. If the rate is rising, it means that there are more units entering the market than there are people to lease them.

This resulted in less money floating in the market and less investment in Real Estate and the result was less Development of Office Spaces in Midtown Manhattan.

The financial sector alone has lost 10,000 jobs through July 2008, or about 2% of finance jobs. Moody’s projects that New York City and its suburbs will lose 65,000 finance jobs by the middle of 2010, or 11% of the total.

The Midtown Manhattan

200913.2% 2008(13.46)

A Business Improvement District is a formal organization made up of property owners and commercial tenants who are dedicated to promoting business development and improving an area’s quality of life. BIDs deliver supplemental services such as sanitation and maintenance, public safety and visitor services, marketing and promotional programs, capital improvements, and beautification for the area – all funded by a special assessment paid by property owners within the district. Since its inception over twenty years ago, the City’s BID program has contributed over $930 million in supplemental services to invigorate our neighbourhoods.

While most tenants initially consider square footage and base rent as the most important fundamentals when securing commercial office leases, there are five additional principles which, if overlooked, could result in unaccountable costs.

IN 2000s 17.23 million sq feet

So as a result of this, New York City commercial real estate transactions plunged sixty one percent in two thousand eight through October as the global credit crisis really began to take hold. About $17 billion of transactions have closed so far and the market is headed for its worst year since 2004, according to data from Real Capital Analytics of New York. Sellers have made two hundred thirty seven deals of $5 million or more, a four-year low in a market that posted a record $51 billion in sales in 2007.

The report by the Furman Centre also found that BIDs had no impact on commercial properties that lie outside their boundaries, contradicting the claim that BIDs displace crime and other disadvantageous effects on their environs.

New York in particular Midtown Manhattan was hit the hardest in financial services. In less than a year, many of the Midtown’s biggest employers and taxpayers were lost or severely damaged in the financial crisis – Bear Stearns, AIG, Lehman Brothers, Merrill Lynch, Citi Group, Wachovia, Washington Mutual, etc. However the new redevelopment proposal will bring in at least ten million square feet or more of Office space. This will be offered at a discounted rate at well. The current plan for the Freedom Tower and a building on the north east corner of the site to begin construction shortly. The Silverstein Properties anticipate starting tower three and four alongside the Church Street shortly after the Port Authority finishes their site preparation.* 63% of the total unemployment in NYC had taken place in Midtown Manhattan because of the large number of bankruptcy of the companies located in the area.Fall of the Capital Market: The dramatic fall of the Stock market led to tremendous losses for the Firms which contributed to less liquidity.

Manhattan has a rising absorption rate because of job layoffs, new construction, and tenants moving to other locations or downsizing. There have been 50,000 jobs lost this year and companies like Chase are eliminating a lot of office space. In addition, new construction, like the Bank of America tower, is adding a large number of office spaces available to lease.

20099.7% 20058.5%

New York City is home to the nation’s largest, most comprehensive network of Business Improvement Districts (BIDs) in the country. The City’s sixty four BIDs annually contribute close to $100 million worth of services in neighbourhoods across the five boroughs.


Year Vacancy Rate (Approximate %) 20067.8%

Moreover, the rent at the Trade Centre site will be subsidized by the New York State. For the first 750,000 sq feet of space rented in the WTC apart from 7WTC, the subsidy will equal $5 per sq feet. At seven WTC the subsidy for the first 750,000 sq feet to be rented is $3.80 per sq feet. Thus the effective rent received by the Landlord is higher than the rent charged by the Tenant. The Rent which would be charged by the Landlord to attract the Tenant would be 30-40% lower than the existing rent in the Downtown area with a possibility of giving a substantial rent free period which would further add incentives to the development.

After the Subprime crisis and plummeting of the Stock Market where many companies were bankrupt which also resulted in downsizing of the jobs this had a telling effect on the psychology on the Landlords, the Developers, Buyers and the Investors. Nobody wanted to invest money in properties and there was huge problem of liquidity in the market. There was always a question of "When is the market going to Bottom out". It has always been observed that in any business cycle after the main factors that have caused damage, it is the psychology of the various participants which contributes to the business cycle. This was also a worthy reason for the less development of Office Space in Midtown Manhattan. So the Psychological factors also affected the Office Space Development in Midtown Manhattan in 2008-2009 and vice – versa.

The city’s private sector has lost about 100,000 jobs in the past year. The biggest losses are in financial and professional services, media and advertising, retail and entertainment, travel and tourism. All are key contributors to the economy of the city and especially in midtown Manhattan as most of these services are located there.. The only job growth has been in health and education – sectors which depend on increasingly scarce public dollars.


In 2010-2015 8.80 million sq feet

Robert L. Sammons, the managing director in charge of research in the New York office of Colliers ABR, another real estate services firm, said that aside from price, another appeal of sublet space was that it was often relatively cheap to move into. Much of the sublet space on the market today was built and furnished in recent years, during the economic boom. "That’s obviously important to a tenant who is looking to save as much money as possible," he said.

The above figure also shows the economic impact of the WTC on the city of New York. This further illustrates that the WTC redevelopment project will attract large Office space occupiers but will also have a positive impact on the economy and the Commercial Office Space establishment in the Downtown Market.

The report had conducted a sample study on BIDS and its impact on Capital Values. They took into account forty four BIDS and divided it into three categories based on their size and its investment.


So this proves that over a period of last five years the Absorption Rate has come down drastically. The negative Absorption Rate in two thousand eight and two thousand nine is on account of the financial crisis where most of the companies in Midtown Manhattan went Bankrupt and vacated their Offices.


Introduction to Midtown Manhattan

Year Absorption Rate (Million Sq Ft)

Financial companies are trying to sublet space that they are no longer using in some of the most desirable office buildings in Midtown Manhattan, and the rents they are asking are heavily discounted compared with what landlords are seeking for similar space across the street – or even in the same buildings.

These properties are usually former warehouse or manufacturing buildings that have been converted to office use. The lobbies run the gamut from nice and acceptable to bare bones and functional. Sometimes the lobbies are attended. Class C buildings are the most affordable properties in New York City.

Source: Cushman & Wakefield Research



New York’s Ripple Effect

rents for sublet space had fallen more rapidly than for direct space because corporations were willing to take a loss on office space that they no longer needed, "whereas owners have a longer-term perspective," Mr. Harbert said. "And they have a mortgage to pay."

There are several basic things that are done by BIDS to improve the area and thus have a positive impact on the Capital Value on the Commercial properties in the area. For Example accomplishments of the 34th Street Partnership such as planting new trees, getting rid of ugly newspaper boxes (by putting them in a common unit), replacing cobra head lamps with more attractive "white light" fixtures, adding larger illuminated street signs, and adding a way finding system to tell pedestrians where major landmarks and sites are in the area. This increased the Capital Values of the Commercial properties in the area by 10-15%.

Finis downfall, landlords were request $95.62 a foursquare understructure, on norm, for Stratum A spa in Midtown, spell standardised sublets went for $83.06.Economists are relieved that Manhattan immovable prices bequeath eventually slump nether the force of financial-sector layoffs and shrinkage Palisade Street bonuses. Paries Street accounts for approximately 12% of jobs in the metropolis of New York, and a quartern of salaries.It started finish dip, during the fiscal hullabaloo that was unleashed abaft Lehman Brothers collapsed. Many heavy fiscal companies dumped hundreds of thousands of hearty feet on the sublease commercialize, with practically of that quad in efflorescence Midtown locales good Chiliad Cardinal Terminus, Rockefeller Essence and the Plaza Hotel. Now, the sublet space that is still on the market is being offered at rents much lower than rents for space that can be leased directly from landlords in the same submarkets.


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